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Shoes & Boots Materials

 

 

 

 

 

Shoes & Boots Materials


Here you will find helpful information on various materials used to make shoes and boots as shown on Platform Princess.

Genuine leather, PU leather, Thermoplastic rubbers (TPR), Microfiber leather, Flocking leather, Denim, EVA, TPU, Split leather

WHAT IS GENUINE LEATHER?
Genuine leather shoes (cow hide) with leather laces were found in a cave in Armenia which date back five thousand, five hundred years. The characteristics of leather make it particularly suitable for the construction of footwear. It can be cut and shaped with comparative ease, it is light, strong and supple and most importantly, it breathes. Despite developments in synthetic materials and the subsequent popularity of sports shoes, leather shoes remain popular because of their comfort and durability. Shoe production accounts for 52% of the world leather goods market, which produces an enormous variety of footwear ranging from the flimsiest of sandals through to the most substantial of boots.

WHAT IS PU LEATHER?
PU leather is artificial leather, also called synthetic leather, it is a material intended to substitute for leather in upholstery, clothing, footwear, and other uses where a leather-like finish is desired, but the actual material is cost-prohibitive or unsuitable. Artificial leather is known under many names, including "leatherette",

WHAT IS TPR?
Thermoplastic rubbers (TPR) are used extensively in the footwear sector for the production of various types of soles, shoe platforms, wooden soles and rubber boots.

The main advantages of TPR are:
- Easy and economic processing
- Excellent value for money
- Great aesthetic versatility
- Full recyclability

WHAT IS MICROFIBER LEATHER?
Microfiber leather is the abbreviation of microfiber polyurethane synthetic leather. It is the third-generation artificial leather after PVC artificial leather and PU synthetic leather. The difference with PVC leather and PU is that the base fabric is microfiber, not ordinary knitted fabric or woven fabric.

WHAT IS FLOCKING LEATHER?
Flocking leather is special stylish faux leather fabric with microfiber flock deposited on the surface. The flocking adds decorative patterns with different texture and colors to leather fabrics, which offer much more options for shoe designers.

WHAT IS DENIM?
The Denim’s Characteristics as Upper Material of Footwear. For footwear design, denim as a textile is the hot spot instead of animal leather. Denim has its specificity in aesthetic aspect. Also compared with leather, denim is more comfortable and healthier to wear. Designers have more freedom in decoration, painting, and composite material selections with denims in shoe design.

WHAT IS EVA?
EVA stands for Ethylene-Vinyl Acetate. That is an elastomeric polymer that produces materials which are "rubber-like" in softness and flexibility. It is a plastic made by combining ethylene and vinyl acetate to create rubber like properties which can be used for shoe soles.

WHAT IS TPU?
A TPU outsole is when the bottom of a shoe or boot is made from thermoplastic polyurethane. Its lightweight design is generally longer lasting and resistant to splitting, abrasion, oil, and chemicals.

WHAT IS SPLIT LEATHER?
Split leather is the bottom part of the leather after being split. It’s sometimes called suede and has a nappy appearance. It’s more commonly found in work gloves, upholstery, furniture and shoe making. When the leather is first removed from the hide of an animal, it’s extremely thick. So, the first thing we do with the leather is split it cross-sectionally into layers. The bottom layer is made into what we call “Split Leather”.

Split or Genuine leather usually has an artificial layer applied to the surface and is embossed with a leather grain. Leather split is also used to create suede. The strongest suede is usually made from ‘grain’ splits (that have the grain completely removed). Suede is “fuzzy” on both sides and it has its moments of fame depending on the fashion trends.